World Cancer Day is celebrated on February 04, 2020. World Cancer Day is an international day dedicated to the prevention, detection, and treatment of cancer.
Cancer is a disease characterized by an abnormally large cell proliferation within normal body tissue so that the survival of the body is threatened. These cells are all derived from the same clone, a cancer-initiating cell that has acquired certain characteristics allowing it to divide indefinitely. During the evolution of the disease, some cells can migrate from their place of production and form metastases. For both of these reasons, cancer screening should be as early as possible.
Screening is very important in the prevention of certain cancers. They allow an earlier diagnosis of the tumor and therefore, mortality, pain, and sometimes heavy treatments, such as chemotherapy, can sometimes be avoided or reduced. Most often, it is not a pain that can detect cancer: a tumor is not painful in itself.
World Day to Combat Cancer (World Cancer Day), or the World Cancer Day, which is celebrated on February 4, – is an annual event organized by the International Union against (International Union Against Cancer, UICC) since 2005.
The purpose of this Day is to draw public attention to this global problem, to recall how dangerous and common cancer diseases are now, and significantly reduce cancer mortality.
Cancer is a generic term for more than 100 diseases that can affect any part of the body. One of the characteristic signs of cancer is the rapid formation of abnormal cells sprouting beyond their usual boundaries. This process is called metastasis. Metastases are the leading cause of cancer death.
Cancer is always a tragedy. But experts say that in our time the causes of cancer are well known, and this makes it possible to prevent about one-third of new cases. If cancer is detected in the early stages, successful treatment is possible. In addition, up to 40% of cancer cases can be prevented by avoiding exposure to known carcinogens such as tobacco smoke.
It’s no secret that cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, and Russia is no exception. According to statistics, in 2005, 2.3 million people were considered cancer patients in Russia, which is 1.75 million more than in 1995. In other words, approximately 400-500 thousand people are diagnosed with cancers every year. And according to medical forecasts, cancer mortality will continue to increase.
Most cancer deaths occur annually from cancer of the lungs, stomach, liver, colon, and breast. A third of deaths are caused by five major risk factors that are associated with behavior and nutrition – a high body mass index, inadequate consumption of fruits and vegetables, lack of physical activity, tobacco use and alcohol consumption. By the way, smoking is the most significant risk factor for cancer, which leads to 22% of global cancer deaths and 71% of global lung cancer deaths. Cancer-causing infections, such as HBV / HCV and HPV, result in 20% of cancer deaths in low- and middle-income countries.
According to the World Health Organization, radiation therapy is needed in approximately 70% of cancer patients. On average, only 30% of needy patients from Russia receive radiation therapy.
Since 2006, the 4th of February as World Cancer Day ( World Cancer Day ) is all about fighting the treacherous disease. This international day of action seeks to create public awareness of prevention, research and, of course, the treatment of cancer, but of course to support those affected. Against this serious background certainly not a typical topic for the calendar of curious holidays from all over the world, nevertheless – or just for that reason – should be formulated the request formulated here. What is this about?
Who Started World Cancer Day?
As with most other medical calendar events, the origins and background of World Cancer Day are well documented. Thus, this International Day of Action in the fight against cancer goes back to the World Summit Against Cancer for the New Millennium of February 2000 and was launched in this context as part of the so-called Charter of Paris.
The purpose of this document was to raise public awareness of the fight against the uncontrolled proliferation and proliferating growth of cells in the new millennium and to sensitize the global community to this issue. At the time, key topics on this agenda included not only research and treatment of the disease but also improved patient care and care as well as broad information on the possibilities of cancer prevention and early detection of cancer.
From the adoption of the Paris Charter in 2000 until the first edition of the World Creed Day, it should take six more years. In short, the first World Cancer Day took place on February 4, 2006.
Why is World Cancer Day Falling on the 4th of February?
In fact, there is a symbolic significance for the election of February 4th. Because the decision is clearly to be understood as a historical reference to the Paris World Summit against Cancer of 4 February 2000, which is thus seen as the birth of the World Cancer Day.
Correspondingly, Article 10 of the Paris Charter also explicitly names February 4 as the date on which the agenda formulated there and its goals remain linked to this document for future generations (see also the list of further links below).
Main topics and actions around the World Cancer Day
Since 2006, the planning, coordination, and organization of the World Cancer Day has been under the direction of the Union international control cancer (UICC), founded in 1993. Together with the World Health Organization (WHO) and 300 associations or organizations from 86 countries, the UICC coordinates the activities around the World Cancer Day. In Germany, these include the German Cancer Society, the German Cancer Aid, and the German Cancer Research Center.
According to UICC, more than 12 million people worldwide contract cancer every year. In about eight million cases, the disease takes a fatal course. Including unfortunately many children. In addition to the prevention and control of childhood cancer, UICC and its partners have in recent years, above, focused on educating and taking action against medical knowledge in the focus of this international day of action.
This action day has been wearing the official colors of blue and orange for some years and since 2011 has been subject to changing leitmotifs. However, since 2016, since 2016, the initiators have focused on three-year cycles in which a particular aspect of the disease should be highlighted.
- 2011: Cancer can be prevented
- 2012: Together let’s do something
- 2013: Cancer Myths – Get the Facts (Did you know …)
- 2014: Debunk the Myths (revealing myths)
- 2015: Not Beyond Us (German: Krebs: Solutions in range)
- 2016 – 2018: We can. I can. (dt. We can.) I can.)
- 2019 – 2021: I Am and I Will (I am and I will.)
Finally, a word in its own right: Is such a serious issue like the World Cancer Day in the calendar of curious holidays from around the world? I definitely think. Cancer is a treacherous disease that can affect anyone. Unfortunately, I have had to experience this often enough in my own circle of friends and family. In this respect, the inclusion of such an active day in the calendar is a good opportunity to support the concerns formulated hereby.
In this sense: Pay attention to your health and support those affected. Nobody can / must defeat cancer alone. Especially not on World Cancer Day.
PS: And who is one of you this issue too seriously, for / provided by the 4 February to the US Thanks-a-postman-day (English National Thank A Mailman Day.), The day of homemade soup (English . National Homemade Soup day) or the Create a vacuum day (dt. Create-a-day vacuum a series) calendrical alternatives.
Further information on World Cancer Day on 4 February
- The official website of World Cancer Day: worldcancerday.org (English / Spanish)
- The original text of the Charter of Paris of 4 February 2000 as PDF (English)
- Official website of the Union international control cancer (English)
- Wikipedia entry for World Cancer Day (German)
- Website German Cancer Aid for World Cancer Day 2020 (German)
- The official website of the German Cancer Society (german)
- Contribution to the World Cancer Day on February 4 on the online calendar anydayguide.com (English)
- Giovanni Maio in conversation with Ute Welty: medical ethicist on cancer therapy. Patients not only treat but also accompany – on deutschlandfunkkultur.de on 4 February 2020 (German)
February 4 World Cancer Day
At present, malignant neoplasms (MNOs) are the second most frequent cause of death of planet inhabitants after cardiovascular diseases. Statistical data on the prevalence of cancer indicate that every year this problem is becoming more urgent.
It should be noted that MNOs were much more often detected in the early stages during preventive examinations and in 2016 amounted to 26.3% of newly recorded cases.
detection of cancer in the early stages makes it possible to start treatment early, which, in turn, will bring good results and increase the chance of recovery and maintaining the quality of life.
The reasons for the occurrence of cancer are accessible to everyone, and the goal of the international day for the fight against cancer is to convey to the world what life rules should be followed to prevent at least half of the cases of the disease.
Cancer is known to be the most common cause of death worldwide. The number of patients is constantly growing, and most people lead themselves to the development of cancer. Cancer Day is a massive event supporting millions of people around the world. This holiday stimulates representatives of medicine to develop new methods of combating the disease, annually demonstrating their achievements.
The World Anti-Cancer Organization has taken the initiative to create an international cancer day. The date of the celebration was appointed on February 4. This happened in 2005. The purpose of the holiday program was to remind the public about the severity of the disease, to announce the magnitude of cancer.
Each year, the holiday is endowed with a certain theme, for example:
- 2008-09 had a slogan-shouting that all children on the planet need to provide a habitat without tobacco smoke. At the same events, all parents were encouraged to promote a healthy lifestyle (regular physical activity and proper nutrition).
- In 2010, vaccination was announced, the composition of which is set to reject the development of cancer cells in the body.
- The 2011 theme encouraged the population of “warm countries” to limit children and adolescents from exposure to the sun because it emits ultraviolet rays – the aggressors of cancer.
- 2013 and 2014 were organized with a focus on the elimination of all myths about the disease, with a reminder of the importance of preventive actions.
All regions of Russia join the celebration, other countries of the world are striving for the same indicator.
A wave of flash mobs and public lectures are taking place around the world. With financial support from the state, thematic leaflets are distributed at public events indicating the correct actions, regular preventive measures, and the resulting problems.
On this day, many charity events and auctions are held. Volunteers send leaflets to government agencies in order to familiarize the population with the disease and the causes of its occurrence. All caring pop artists prepare explosive videos with a deep meaning, where they reflect on the topic of cancer.
All media: television, the Internet, radio, newspapers, and magazines broadcast the importance of regular inspections. Interesting events are held for young people, where the emphasis is on the importance of physical development and a healthy lifestyle in general.
On this day, congratulations are received by specialized doctors, employees of cancer hospitals, laboratory assistants and anyone who has anything to do with the fight against cancer.
The main risk factors for the development of ZnO:
– tobacco use, alcohol abuse, overweight or obesity, poor nutrition, low level of physical activity, sun exposure.
10 steps to prevent cancer:
- Lead an active lifestyle;
- Do not abuse alcohol;
- Stop smoking;
- Eat more vegetables and fruits, and coarse fiber foods;
- Eat foods low in fat;
- Watch your weight;
- Watch your skin condition;
- Every year undergo preventive medical examinations, including respiratory fluorography;
- Women need to monitor the health of their mammary glands;
- All men and women need to visit examination rooms every year.
Remember, the key to a successful fight against cancer is its earlier identification. Therefore, do not drag on a visit to the doctor if something bothers you. It’s better to get tested and live in peace.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer, Prognosis.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in the Russian Federation. It accounts for more than 20% of all malignant tumors. The disease is almost always detected after 55-60 years, although recently, breast cancer is “getting younger”, occurring in women 30-45 years old. Breast tumors are potentially treatable and have good prognoses, so it is important to identify them at the earliest stages.
Breast cancer also occurs in men. Many men are not even aware of the possibility of developing such a disease in them. That is why they do not immediately turn to doctors, which leads to late diagnosis, the untimely start of treatment and poor therapeutic results.
More than 10 million people get breast cancer each year. According to WHO experts, by 2020 this figure will increase to 15 million.
Possible Symptoms of Breast Cancer.
Any woman should carefully monitor the condition of her breasts, examine and probe her. Mandatory consultation with a doctor is necessary when detecting symptoms characteristic of breast cancer: Nodular formation in the breast (dense, mobile or soldered to the surrounding tissue) Nipple tightening and thickening Nipple retraction Skin retraction over the tumor Symptom of “lemon peel” over the tumor Redness of the breast skin Sores and crusts in the skin above the tumor Deformed mammary gland (resizing, fixation to the chest wall) Palpable dense lymph nodes in the axillary and supraclavicular areas (often immobile) Bo and in the breast (particularly without regard to the menstrual cycle) Swelling, and pain in the hand Symptoms of distant metastases (bone pain, abdominal pain, jaundice with liver disease). All of the above symptoms can indicate a formidable disease, as well as benign tumors or inflammation in the chest. Therefore, it is very important to visit a specialist in a timely manner and clarify the diagnosis.
Factors affecting the development of breast cancer
The causes of breast cancer have not yet been established. There are only special circumstances that increase the risk of a tumor. The state of the reproductive system. Menstrual function. The number of births. Duration of breast-feeding. Long-term studies have proved the relationship between the reproductive function of women and the frequency of malignant tumors in the breast. Since hormone-dependent cancer occurs and progresses against a background of high estrogen levels, the risks increase significantly in the following conditions: early onset of menstruation (earlier than 12 years old) late menopause (later than 55 years old) absence or only one pregnancy late first pregnancy (after 30 years) absence or a short lactation period long hormone replacement therapy After the first menstruation and before they stop menopause, a healthy woman experiences estrogenic peaks every month (during ovulation). The exception is the period of pregnancy and lactation when ovulation is absent. Therefore, the longer this estrogen period, the higher the risks of developing breast cancer. The question of the effect of hormone replacement therapy and combined oral contraceptives is still open. It is believed that prolonged replacement therapy after menopause may slightly increase the risk of breast cancer. Therefore, it is optimal to prescribe it for a short time, in order to maintain bone balance. that prolonged replacement therapy after menopause may slightly increase the risk of breast cancer. Therefore, it is optimal to prescribe it for a short time, in order to maintain bone balance. that prolonged replacement therapy after menopause may slightly increase the risk of breast cancer. Therefore, it is optimal to prescribe it for a short time, in order to maintain bone balance.
Prevention and Early Identification in the Foreground
This year’s World Cancer Day (4 February) will focus in particular on cancer prevention and cancer screening, which will also be key topics of the ” National Decade against Cancer “. According to the UICC, the Union for International Cancer Control, 9.6 million people worldwide die from cancer every year. This exceeds the total number of deaths from HIV / AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. By 2030, the number of deaths from cancer could increase to 13 million people per year if there is no global improvement in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.
The new German initiative entitled “National Decade against Cancer” under the auspices of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) kicked off at the end of January 2020. It aims to prevent cancer as much as possible, to improve the chances of recovery through new therapies and to increase the lifetime and quality of those affected, Due to the aging population in Germany, experts predict an increase in cancer incidence of up to 600,000 people per year by 2030. Cancer is already the second most common cause of death in Germany and the disease that scares people the most. In the fight against the disease, the BMBF, together with the Federal Ministry of Health (BMG) and many other partners in research, care, and self-help will intensify and pool its activities in combating cancer. This was agreed upon in a Joint Statement.
Federal Health Minister Jens Spahn explained: “… the race against cancer can only be won with combined forces. We have to become even better at research. And we want to bring the results of cancer research even faster to the bedside. Therefore, close integration of research and care is so important. In addition, we will continue to expand the early detection. “
Federal Research Minister Anja Karliczek said that it is important to her that cancer research is geared to the wishes and expectations of those affected and relatives. The goals of the Decade would, therefore, continue to be developed in close cooperation with the citizens, said Karliczek.
In the first step, the BMBF promotes practice-changing clinical trials for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. A corresponding funding announcement was published with the launch of the initiative. To this end, up to 62 million euros will be made available within the framework of the Decade. Further initiatives are to follow.
In addition to the BMBF, BMG, and German Cancer Aid, many other partners are participating in the start of the “National Decade against Cancer”, including the Felix Burda Foundation, medical societies such as the German Cancer Society, associations of practicing physicians and the GKV. Spitzenverband, research-based industrial companies, the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices and the Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft Selbsthilfe. bundesgesundheitsministerium.de; Picture: UICC
KEYWORD: WORLD CANCER DAY 2020
On February 4, 2020, World Cancer Day will raise awareness among the population of one of the leading causes of death. This day focuses on the prevention, research, and treatment of cancer. The action day was called for the first time in 2007 by the world cancer organization UICC. Since then, various member organizations have participated in a wide range of actions every year. Their efforts are aimed at informing people about cancer-related issues. On World Cancer Day, health organizations, companies, and public institutions are primarily concerned with the elucidation and elimination of half-knowledge. For this purpose, projects are carried out, which often also celebrities participate. These advertise especially for regular cancer screening. The sooner cancer can be diagnosed, the better the chances of recovery. Source: kleiner-kalender.de
Focus on Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is one of the most common types of cancer affecting women in the WHO European Region. In 2018 alone, 69,000 new cases of the disease were recorded, with 30,000 deaths. However, the development of cervical cancer, unlike most other types of cancer, can be prevented with a vaccine.
On the occasion of World Cancer Day, the WHO Regional Office for Europe would like to reiterate to the public that timely vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) combined with regular screening for cervical cancer is the best way for women to develop this deadly illness.
In order for the fight against cervical cancer to succeed, ordinary citizens, health workers, and policy-makers must be active in their countries and globally to ensure universal access to essential facts, vaccines and screening services.
The Basis for Action has already Been Laid
Countries in the Region have shown steady progress in protecting girls and women from the most common HPV strains, with which nearly 90% of all cervical cancer cases in the world are associated.
Several countries in the European Region were among the first in the world to begin immunization against HPV, and vaccination for girls aged 9-14 is currently on the vaccination calendar in 37 of the 53 countries in the Region. In some countries, vaccination is also offered for boys to reduce the likelihood of the spread of HPV strains included in the vaccine.
Unfortunately, vaccination coverage rates vary greatly. Some countries were able to cover more than 90% of the target group, while in others, due to certain difficulties, this indicator does not exceed 20%. Approximately 80% of people who have not been vaccinated will be infected with one or more types of the virus throughout their lives. Girls who did not seize the opportunity to vaccinate against HPV-induced cancer through vaccination can subsequently become infected with the virus after spreading sexual activity and spread it further.
Individual contribution: Vaccine Promoters
With complete and evidence-based health information from trusted sources, citizens are able to make the right decisions that can save their own lives and those around them.
In 2017, Laura Brennan was diagnosed with cervical cancer in the last stage. Realizing that she could protect herself from the disease if she were vaccinated against HPV, Laura decided to devote her life to promoting vaccination among girls and their parents.
Laura encourages parents to review the facts and tells them that “the HPV vaccine is the best way to prevent this type of cancer,” thereby helping the Irish Health Authority convince parents of the benefits of the vaccine.
The efforts of Laura and other promoters are helping people around the world not miss the opportunity they have to get vaccinated and thus protect their future and the future of their children.
Country Success Examples: Portugal
Portugal was one of the first countries in the world to start vaccinating against HPV after the first vaccine against this virus was certified in 2006. In November 2018, the country celebrated 10 years since the launch of a successful national vaccination program, which covers about 90% of the target population (cohorts of girls by birth from 1992 to 2006).
Speaking at a gala event on this occasion, the representative of the Technical Commission for Vaccination, Dr. Ana Leça, noted that Portugal owes its success to “supporting the scientific community, health workers and the media, a strategic information campaign and an effective national immunization program”.
Global goal – elimination of cervical cancer
WHO considers cervical cancer an urgent public health problem. In May 2018, the Director-General of WHO called for global measures to eliminate it.
The Director-General emphasized the importance of acceptable, high-quality, safe and modern technologies for reaching all girls with HPV vaccination, and for all women with cervical cancer screening and early diagnosis and effective treatment of both precancerous lesions and invasive cancers, including palliative care. All of these measures are included in universal health coverage strategies. In order to bring it all to life, you need to enlist additional political support.
WHO / Europe works closely with countries in the region to prepare them for vaccination against HPV, to improve access to vaccines at an affordable cost, to measure success and to prevent the dissemination of inaccurate information about the vaccine and about the diseases that it allegedly causes.
Virus and Vaccine
Almost all cases of cervical cancer are associated with damage to the genitals by the human papillomavirus. HPV can also be associated with other types of anogenital cancer, with head and neck cancer and with genital warts in both men and women. In most cases, HPV is sexually transmitted.
Currently, there are three different vaccines that protect against virus infection, with proven safety and high efficacy while reducing the likelihood of precancerous lesions of the cervix. Two of these three vaccines also protect against the development of genital warts.
A Third of Cancer Cases Can be Cured with Early Detection
February 4th is World Cancer Day. Today, state-of-the-art medical technology contributes to the fact that more than half hope for permanent healing.
On February 4, 2020, is World Cancer Day. According to the UICC, the Union for International Cancer Control, 9.6 million people worldwide die from cancer every year. This exceeds the total number of deaths from HIV / AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. By 2030, the number of deaths from cancer could increase to 13 million people per year if there is no global improvement in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Modern medical technology can contribute to this worldwide.
Thanks to good medical care and the advances in diagnosis and therapy in recent decades, the cancer mortality in Germany has been falling for years. For example, more than two-thirds of all cancer patients died of their disease before 1980. Today, state-of-the-art medical technology contributes to the fact that more than half hope for permanent healing.
The Sooner the Correct Diagnosis is Made, the Greater the Chances of Recovery
The even greater potential is offered by programs for the early detection of cancer. The sooner the tumor is detected, the greater the chances of recovery. The UICC assumes that about one-third of all cancers can be cured with timely diagnosis and good medical care.
Innovative medical technology can also play an important role in early detection so that risk groups can be examined quickly and comprehensively. One example is mammography screening for the detection of breast cancer.
In lung cancer, screening could be particularly effective. 25 percent of new cancers worldwide are tumors in the lungs. Even today, lung cancer is usually detected too late. But early diagnosis has good prospects of successful treatment. The large, randomized National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) study in the US has shown that screening with a low dose X-ray CT scan (low-dose CT screening) can be effective Lung cancer mortality in humans who have smoked at least one pack of cigarettes daily for at least 30 years is reduced by one-fifth through the screening test. The overall mortality was lower.
So in the future, there could also be screening for lung cancer using a low-dose CT scan of the lungs. Thanks to certain technical features of modern computed tomography (CT) devices, such as the “iterative reconstruction”, the lung is examined with only about one-fifth of the otherwise necessary dose for diagnostic CT images of the lungs (hence low dose). The risks associated with radiation exposure are thus minimized.
However, experts agree that lung cancer screening only makes sense for a clearly defined risk group and has to be combined with other offers such as smoking cessation.
World Days International Holiday
World Cancer Day. In 2020, the three-year campaign “I Am and I Will” (I Am and I Will) started. It is a call to action, giving strength and the desire for personal commitment in the fight against cancer, and reflects the strength of individual actions now being taken to influence the future.
According to WHO: there are more than 100 types of cancer and the disease can develop in any part of the body. From cancer, millions of people die every year.
Over 60% of new cancer cases are reported in Africa, Asia, and Central and South America. In these regions, 70% of all cancer deaths occur.
Worldwide, the largest number of men die from the following five types of cancer (in descending order): cancer of the lungs, stomach, liver, colon, and rectum, and esophagus.
Worldwide, the largest number of women die from the following five types of cancer (in descending order): cancer of the breast, lungs, stomach, rectum and colon and cervix. In many developing countries, cervical cancer is the most common type of cancer.
Tobacco use is the single largest single preventable cause of cancer — more than 20% of cancer deaths are attributable to tobacco use.
One-fifth of all cancers in the world develop as a result of a chronic infection. For example, human papillomavirus (HPV) causes cervical cancer, and hepatitis B virus causes liver cancer.
Cancers of public health relevance such as breast cancer, cervical cancer and colon, and rectal cancer are treatable if detected early and appropriately treated.
You can help all patients suffering from pain by applying modern knowledge in the field of pain relief and the provision of palliative care.
More than 30% of cancer deaths can be prevented, mainly due to abstinence from tobacco use, a healthy diet, physical activity, and moderate alcohol consumption. In developing countries, up to 20% of cancer deaths can be avoided by immunization against the hepatitis B virus and human papillomavirus.
World Cancer Day is proclaimed the “International Union Against Cancer” – the International Union Against Cancer or UICC and is celebrated annually on February 4. The goal of this day around the world is to raise awareness of people about cancer as one of the most terrible and destructive diseases of our modern civilization. By drawing attention to the prevention, detection, and treatment of this disease, good results can be achieved, and in some cases, complete recovery.
International Day Against Cancer calls on the general public to the challenges facing our world in the fight against cancer and calls on caring politicians and member organizations of UICC to treat cancer as one of its political priorities.
At the moment, it is already known that the occurrence of 43% of cancers could be prevented by orienting themselves and observing elementary norms of healthy behavior, such as: blocking access to smoking for children, combating smoking as such; physical activity; balanced and healthy food; timely vaccination against viruses that cause liver and cervical cancer; abstinence from prolonged exposure to the sun and tanning beds; timely diagnosis and attention to their own health.
Celebration of World Cancer Day
The Secretary-General of the Ministry of Health Mr. Moussa ould Hmednah, presided on Tuesday, February 12, the launching ceremony of the activities marking the celebration of the World Day against Cancer, in the presence of the Representative of WHO, the President the Mauritanian League for the Fight against Cancer and several senior officials of the Ministry of Health and personalities of civil society. It should be noted that this ceremony is organized by the Mauritanian League for the fight against cancer, which brings together several non-governmental organizations.
In his words of welcome Dr. Mohamed Ould Boubacar, President of the League emphasized the important role of prevention in the fight against this disease.
He thanked the Ministry of Health and WHO for their support and encouragement for his organization.
Dr. Baptiste Jean Pierre, WHO Representative in Mauritania spoke in turn. He delivered to the audience the message of Dr. Sambo, Luis Gomes, Regional Director of WHO for Africa. He recalled the theme chosen this year for the day: “dispel prejudices and misconceptions about cancer” and its slogan “Cancer-do you know? “
The Representative of WHO said that “cancer is a real public health problem, causing many deaths in the African Region. It is estimated that about 12.4% of the 804 million people in the African Region will develop cancer before they reach 75 years of age. By acting now, we have the opportunity to save some 100,000 lives annually by 2020 “
He added, “Unfortunately, there is a multitude of prejudices and misconceptions about cancer, and we need to know the truth to better protect ourselves. Cancer is not caused by injury, swelling or bruising. Cancer is not contagious. While infections with certain viruses or bacteria may increase the risk of developing certain types of cancer, cancer is not transmitted from one individual to another. It is important to know the exact facts about cancer prevention and control. After pointing out that many people do not know that they have cancer because of ignorance of the disease and weak diagnostic capabilities. The WHO Representative echoed the Regional Director’s appeal in the same words “I appeal to individuals and communities to urge them to learn more about cancer because the information is the safest way to prevent cancer and not die from this disease. On this day when we celebrate World Cancer Day, I also call on all health ministers to build capacity for early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. ” I also call on all health ministers to build capacity for early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. ” I also call on all health ministers to build capacity for early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. “
Dr. Baptiste reiterated the importance of tackling risk factors such as tobacco. He wanted the anti-smoking law that has already been adopted by the government to be debated in Parliament as soon as possible because the more we delay and the more we offer golden opportunities for cancer to develop.
The Secretary-General of the Ministry of Health Mr. Moussa Ould Hmednah emphasized, meanwhile in his speech launching activities that the commemoration of this day falls within the framework of the recommendations of the United Nations at the session held in September 2011.
World Cancer Day Activities
Every year, starting in 1985, the world holds a month of fighting breast cancer. The initial goal of these activities was to promote mammography as one of the most effective and informative methods for the early diagnosis of breast cancer.
In 1993, the World Health Organization launched World Breast Cancer Day, celebrated on October 15th.
The purpose of this Day is to focus public attention on global issues related to breast cancer, raise public awareness of approaches to prevention, early detection, and treatment.
Breast cancer in the structure of women’s oncological diseases takes the first place, and the incidence is constantly growing, which is associated with an increase in life expectancy and an improvement in the quality of diagnosis. Every year, 1,250,000 cases of breast cancer are detected in the world. According to the Russian Cancer Research Center. N.N. Blokhin, annually in Russia about 50 thousand cases of breast cancer are detected, which is about a fifth of all tumors in women. More than 40% of cases of breast cancer are diagnosed in the later stages. More than 20,000 Russians die of breast cancer each year. The disease is rapidly becoming younger: it is increasingly found in people under the age of 40. Every 8th woman in her life runs the risk of developing breast cancer. 90% of all cases of breast cancer are diagnosed in women after 40 years. The maximum incidence is observed in the age range of 40-60 years. During this period, hormonal changes occur, which leads to a decrease in the protective capabilities and stability of the hormonal system. Breast cancer also occurs in men. Many men are not even aware of the possibility of developing such a disease in them. That is why they do not immediately consult doctors, which leads to late diagnosis, untimely initiation of treatment and poor therapeutic results. Many men are not even aware of the possibility of developing such a disease in them. That is why they do not immediately consult doctors, which leads to late diagnosis, untimely initiation of treatment and poor therapeutic results. Many men are not even aware of the possibility of developing such a disease in them. That is why they do not immediately consult doctors, which leads to late diagnosis, untimely initiation of treatment and poor therapeutic results.
The incidence rate of breast cancer in Russia in 2018 amounted to 89.7 per 100 thousand women (2017 – 89.6 per 100 thousand women). The incidence rate of breast cancer in the Moscow region in 2018 was 91.64 per 100 thousand women (2017 – 92.43 per 100 thousand women). The mortality rate from malignant neoplasms in the Moscow region in 2018 was 13.7 per 100 thousand people, and in 2020 it increased slightly, making up 14.7 per 100 thousand people after the first half of the year, which is lower than in the Russian Federation (15, 1 per 100 thousand).
Today, the only reliable way to fight against breast cancer is a preventive diagnosis (at the preclinical stage). A common task, including for primary health care workers, is to actively explain to the population the importance of regular screening examinations and to teach self-examination methods (including mammary glands).
As part of the state guarantee program for providing free medical care to citizens in the Moscow region, as well as throughout the Russian Federation, medical examination of certain groups of the adult population and preventive medical examinations are carried out (Orders of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation of March 15, 2020 No. 124n “On approving the procedure for conducting medical examination of certain groups adult population ”), the main purpose of which is the implementation of a set of measures aimed at the formation, preservation and strengthening public health, preventing the development and reduction of diseases, preventing premature mortality at working age, increasing active longevity, conducting a screening examination of the population mainly aimed at early detection of cancer.
Screening for malignant neoplasms implies the detection of tumors in the population at an asymptomatic stage and is aimed at combating both the oncological diseases themselves and their undesirable consequences, i.e. on the prevention of cancer in general, and mortality from them in particular.
In 2018, 664,459 women underwent a medical examination in the Moscow region. Mammography was performed on 247417 women. For the first time, 871 cases of breast cancer were detected, of which at stages 1-2, 582 cases (67%). In the 9 months of 2020, 600,378 women underwent a medical examination. Mammography was performed on 212531 women. For the first time, 607 cases of breast cancer were detected, of which 384 cases (63%) were at stages 1-2.
It should be noted that 52% of malignant neoplasms were detected among women of working age, not older than 60 years.
The risk group for breast cancer includes women who have:
- The late appearance of menstruation (17 years or more) and, conversely, the early appearance (earlier than 12 years);
- Late menopause (55 years and older);
- Lack of childbirth;
- Late first birth (after 35 years);
- Benign breast tumors;
- Dysfunctional ovarian disorders;
- There is a history of other oncological diseases;
The main risk factors for developing breast cancer are divided into immutable and mutable. The first include:
- Age: the older the woman, the greater the likelihood of the disease. A sharp increase in the incidence is observed after 40 years, reaching a maximum of 65 years, but breast cancer, which developed at a younger age, is more aggressive!
- Gender: 99% of breast cancers are diagnosed in women.
- Family history of the disease: in the presence of the disease in the mother, sisters, the risk of cancer increases.
- Mutations of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes increase the risk of developing breast cancer by a factor of about 2 compared with women without these genetic mutations.
Variable risk factors for breast cancer include:
- The impact of radiation, it should be remembered that the dose that a woman receives during preventive examinations in the x-ray room is considered safe;
- Overweight and obesity in postmenopausal women;
- UV irradiation, including prolonged exposure to the sun;
- Smoking. A direct link between smoking and passive inhalation of tobacco smoke and the development of breast cancer has been proven. The risk of developing breast cancer is especially high in women who started smoking before the birth of their first child;
- Exposure to carcinogens. To date, there is evidence that confirms the relationship between breast cancer and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs);
- Work at night. The results of several studies show that women who work at night, such as factory workers, doctors, nurses, and police, have a higher risk of breast cancer compared to women who work during the day;
- Combined hormone replacement therapy (estrogen and progesterone) increases the risk of breast cancer by about 75%, even if used only for a short time.
Promoting factors regarding breast health include:
- Maintaining normal body mass (body mass index within 19-25) and a balanced diet
- Sufficient physical activity (at least 30 minutes per day and 150 minutes per week)
The detection of cancer in the early stages makes it possible to start treatment early, which, in turn, will bring good results and increase the chances of recovery.
The Moscow Regional Center for Medical Prevention (branch of medical prevention GAUZMO KTSVMiR) recommends the heads of hospitals, with the active participation of oncologists, doctors of territorial units of medical prevention (centers, departments, cabinets) and health centers, in close contact with the Directorates for the Coordination of Activities of Medical and Pharmaceutical Organizations The Ministry of Health of the Moscow Region organize the following outreach from October 12 to November 3, 2020 events dedicated to World Breast Cancer Day:
- To inform the population widely about the implementation of measures for the prevention of breast cancer through the media, post information on the Internet portals of municipalities, hospitals, as well as on social networks.
- Organize mass events (health exercises, flash mobs, sporting events, dance workouts) with the participation of volunteers: a dance workout with balloons and pink ribbons in a single color scheme of the action, symbolizing the World Breast Cancer Sign.
- To conduct thematic meetings, conferences, seminars with doctors and paramedical personnel of medical institutions on the issues of prevention and early diagnosis of breast cancer.
- Organize preventive examinations and mammographic examinations of women in the health care facility.
- To conduct an open school of health for the population “Prevention of breast cancer. Risk factors and the basis for the formation of a healthy lifestyle. Mammography – myths and reality. “
- Organize exhibitions, arrange booths with visual agitation on cancer prevention issues in hospitals.
- Distribute in medical and educational institutions memos, booklets, leaflets on the prevention of cancer, on the formation of attitudes towards a healthy lifestyle and safe behavior.