October is the Month of the Fight Against Breast Cancer
In 1993, the World Health Organization declared October the month of the fight against breast cancer. Every month in October, a month of raising awareness about breast cancer is held in different countries of the world in order to attract public attention to the problem, early detection, and treatment, as well as to provide palliative care for this disease.
Annually, approximately 1,250,000 new cases of breast cancer are recorded worldwide, of which 54,000 are in Russia. The incidence of breast cancer in most countries of the world is growing. This is due to various factors. First of all, it should be noted the improvement of diagnostic methods, in particular, mammographic screening, which allows detecting a neoplasm in the early stages, before the first symptoms appear. Experts recommend conducting a self-examination of the mammary glands, and a mammogram for prophylactic purposes after 40 is recommended to be performed once a year.
According to statistics, 1 out of 8 women will be diagnosed with breast jelly cancer during their lifetime. According to many authors, the ratio of men and women in the structure of the incidence is 1: 100. The risk of pathologists increases with age, the majority of patients (77%) are older than 50 years, young girls account for 0.3%.
Fight Against Breast Cancer
Today, breast cancer is the most common cancer among women around the world, both in developed and developing countries. In low- and middle-income countries, the incidence rate has been steadily increasing over the past years, due to an increase in life expectancy and increasing urbanization.
There is currently insufficient evidence on the causes of breast cancer, so early detection of the disease remains the cornerstone of the fight against breast cancer. With early detection of breast cancer and with the proper diagnosis and treatment, breast cancer can be cured with a high degree of probability. However, with late detection, treatment is often ineffective. In such cases, palliative care is needed to alleviate the suffering of patients and their families.
Most deaths (269,000) occur in low- and middle-income countries, where most women are diagnosed with advanced breast cancer, mainly due to a lack of awareness of the importance of early detection and barriers to access health services.
WHO is supporting the development and implementation of integrated breast cancer programs as part of national cancer plans.
Recommended for early detection strategies – raising awareness of early signs and symptoms and screening.
One type of screening is mammography, which is only practicable in countries with adequate health infrastructure, for which long-term programs are affordable.